What Causes Infertility?

Infertility affects some 15% of couples and can result from a range of genetic, medical, surgical or trauma related causes.

Infertility is caused by both male and female factors. Male related problems account for about 40% of infertility and female related problems account for another 40%. A combination of male and female factors represents 10% and unexplained causes account tor the remaining 10% of infertility.

There are many factors that have been identified as increasing the risk factor of infertility and include:

infertility doctorFemale factors:

  • Irregular or non existent periods, usually as a result of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
  • Two or more miscarriages
  • A history of sexually transmitted disease
  • A history of pelvic/ genital infection
  • Reversal of surgical sterilisation
  • Endometriosis or painful periods
  • Obesity
  • Older women – in their late 30’s, or 40’s


Male factors:

  • Prostate infections
  • Previous vasectomy
  • A history of sexually transmitted diseases
  • A history of pelvic / genital infection
  • Previous abdominal surgery
  • Reversal of surgical sterilisation
  • Chromosome of genetic problems